British Caribbean Pensioners Association


Who are we?
The British Caribbean Pensioners Association (BCPA) is an organisation based in the Caribbeagn representing frozen British pensioners.

Who is entitled to a British Pension?
Every person who worked or works in the U.K. (citizen or not) makes payment, by law, to the U.K. universal pension fund by weekly National Insurance (N.I.) remittances. Anyone who has contributed for ten years or more is entitled to a pension and, dependent upon when a person retired, entitlement to a full pension is anywhere between 30 and 44 years of contribution, currently 35 years. For many pensioners, shortfalls to the minimum number of years may possibly be made up by the payment of additional contributions.

What is a frozen British Pensioner?
A ‘frozen’ pensioner is a person who does not get the annual increase in pension awarded each year by a vote in the U.K. Parliament.

How many pensioners are frozen?
There are 540,000 pensionable age men and women entitled to a U.K. pension but living in countries where their pension is frozen. The frozen pensioners represent about 4% of all British pensioners and most of them are quite elderly. Many of them, widowed, have moved to join their families, some have remained in countries where they were sent by their British employers and others returned to countries where they were born.

Where do the frozen pensioners live?
It is easier to say where they do not live. Of the 200 countries in the world, 150 have frozen pensioners including almost all the Commonwealth countries with the majority of pensioners living in Australia and Canada, the very countries the U.K. calls upon in times of crisis. To illustrate the injustice, if you live in the USA, your pension is increased each year along with U.K. pensioners but not in adjacent Canada. Equally preposterous is that British pensioners get their pensions increased if they live in the Philippines, Israel, Mauritius and a variety of other oddly located countries. Probably most ridiculous are the Falkland Islands where many British lives were lost and much money spent to keep the islands British yet British pensioners living there have their pensions frozen although, similar Gibraltar, does not. A full list of frozen and non-frozen countries appears on this website.

What about the Caribbean?
If you live in Barbados or Jamaica your pension is increased each year but not if you live in Antigua & Barbuda, the Bahamas, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines or Trinidad & Tobago, many former British colonies. If you live in Bermuda, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico or St. Maarten your pension is up-rated annually but not in the British Overseas territories of Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Montserrat and Turks & Caicos Islands. How fair is that?

How many pensioners are not frozen?
There are 12.95 million U.K. pensioners of which 1.25 million live overseas. Around 470,000 live in the EU and 220,000 live in countries with which the U.K. has a reciprocal agreement. All those 690,000 have their pensions up-rated each year in line with U.K. pensioners. Why them and not us?

How has this injustice come about?
1948 – The universal British State Pension was introduced at £1.6 shillings (£1.30) per week. It was a compulsory contribution system for all persons of employment age. The payment of a pension was dependent upon a minimum of ten years contributions with an upward sliding scale payment to a maximum benefit after, initially, 44 years for a man and 39 for a woman but subsequently altered several times.
1973 – Annual up-rating introduced. Until 1973 up-rating had been random and it had applied to some pensioners living abroad either in some of the former Dominions or in cases where the U.K. Government entered into reciprocal arrangements (mainly in respect of tax) with other countries. (Dominion status for up-rating of pensions was cancelled at some time in the 1950s or 1960s.) Approximately 25 countries had reciprocal agreements with the U.K. by 1973.
1973 – U.K. joins the EU and enters into reciprocal agreements with the EU countries where previous reciprocal agreements had not existed, the EU then being only 8 countries but now 27. Fifty two countries or territories have reciprocal agreements with the U.K. including all the EU countries, 147 countries or territories do not.
1981 – U.K. Government determined not to enter into any further reciprocal agreements with foreign governments preventing pensioners in around 140 countries worldwide (the number of countries was fewer than today), mainly Commonwealth countries, from obtaining annual pension increases just because where they live.

Each year Parliament votes for a pension increase and that vote includes those pensions which are frozen. But, immediately after the pension increase is approved, another vote is taken to exclude pensioners living in countries where there is no reciprocal agreement. It is a deliberate act of exclusion except that most MPs do not realise they are voting to unjustly freeze pensions. We feel it is time for this annual dishonourable and dishonest act to be discontinued.

Recently, the U.K. Government has promised to continue to up-rate pensions in the EU after Brexit despite the fact that there is no reciprocal agreement with more than 20 EU countries. We agree they should be up-rated but, if it’s fair for them why is it not fair for us?